Fianchetto Chess: What is Fianchetto?

What is a Fianchetto in Chess… Ring a bell?

In chess, FIANCHETTO refers to a Bishop’s development on the long diagonal.

Many chess players still don’t know what is fianchetto, but fianchettoed bishops are one of my favorite strategies when playing chess!

Today, I am going to share some very interesting things about fianchetto and fianchettoing the bishop, fianchetto advantages, and how you can use it for your leverage which I am sure you don’t want to miss…

So, Keep Reading & I will meet you at the end.


What is Fianchetto?

Fianchetto in chess refers to the development of a bishop behind your Knight’s pawn to control the long diagonal.

FIANCHETTO” is an Italian word, meaning “LITTLE FLANK“.

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Let’s talk about what fianchettoing a bishop means?

It is when the player positions one or both bishop diagonally behind his Knight pawns (see example above)

This means that the bishop has now been maneuvered to an active position to control the long diagonal as well as control the center.

You can use either/both your King or/and Queenside bishop to make a fianchetto.

Sometimes, players use both of the bishops to slow down the progress of the rival, pressurize the opponent, control the center by taking the full power of their fianchettoed bishops.

Note: What is Double Fianchetto? A double fianchetto is the same as a Fianchetto, only it’s done by both bishops rather than just one, that’s why it’s called a double fianchetto.


Importance of Fianchetto

Fianchetto can be used, not only defensively but offensively as well.

You can use it to defend against your opponent or if you have the guts & proper calculation, you can use your fianchettoed bishops to attack as well because they are a great weapon to attack!

This is because of its ability to put pressure on opponents and control key points in the game such as squares that are vital for the development of the game.

Fianchetto is very important in chess for many reasons:

  1. Develop the inactive bishop on a long diagonal
  2. Control the center of the chessboard
  3. Adds a security layer to protect your castled king

It is easy to perform as it can be done in only two moves.

It also helps to defend against any uncalculated attack by enemy knights & other pieces. It helps to strengthen your position while having an advantage in mobility.

Another great thing about fianchettoing is that it can also be used in a closed position to control key squares and development of your opponents, or an open position where you are playing for victory on the opponent’s side with pieces attacking aggressively and quickly from both sides.

It all comes down to what works best for you against your opponent’s strategies.


How to do a Fianchetto in chess

Fianchettoing the bishop is easy, it only takes 2 moves:

1. Move Your Knight’s Pawn Forward


2. Move Your Bishop Behind Your Knight’s Pawn



Fianchetto Opening Examples

A few of the openings that use the fianchetto are:

1. King’s Indian Defense

2. Grunfeld Defense

3. Queen’s Indian

4. Sicilian Dragon

5. Larsen’s Opening

Here are some pros and cons to consider when you think about doing a Fianchetto:


  • A quick way to gain space on the kingside.
  • It can be a solid defensive move if done correctly, especially against Queen Pawn openings.
  • It’s a good opening for beginners because it’s not as complicated and offers more time to think about your moves than other types of chess positions do.
  • It gives you more options for future moves.



  • Fianchetto can be a little bit dangerous and should only be played with a better understanding of the rest of your strategy in place.
  • It creates a weak spot/hole when you move your pawn as it no longer defends the same squares.

Your opponent can take advantage of the hole it creates while moving to another square.

Yes by understanding the pros and cons you can definitely change your game for the better… but it goes without saying: Practice A Lot!

Pro Tip: Study the games where players used fianchetto openings or fianchettoed at all.

That’s it. Hope you learned something new today… Keep Hustling, Keep Playing Chess!

What do you think about fianchetto? Do you use fianchetto in your games? Let me know in the comments.

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